Saturday, January 9, 2016

The World Bank in Security and Peacebuilding in Nepal

Research notes:
The World Bank is the second largest donor in Peace and Reconstruction sector in post-war Nepal with its commitment worth USD 49 million. Its Emergency Peace Support Project (September 2008 - June 2014) implemented by Nepal’s Ministry of Peace and Reconstruction (MoPR) under International Development Association (IDA) grant provided cash transfers and services to conflict-affected groups.

Three core areas identified by this project were: (a) rehabilitation support to the conflict-affected people, (b) cash benefits to the families and widows, and (c) capacity building of key institutional structures in support of peace process. The first area included providing employment/self-employment and psychological counselling services. Need identification, psycho-social and health/nutrition counselling, occupational consultations, skills training, formal education scholarships, micro-finance opportunities and job placement to the conflict-affected groups were in focus. It also supported a phased roll-out in selected districts of skills development and employability services, occupational consultations, education and skills training.

The second dealt with providing direct cash to eligible families through District Administration Offices. The project prepared a Benefit Payment Operation Guidelines and targeted 14,800 beneficiaries whereas cash payments to the widows of the conflict were provided cash through District Development Committees (DDCs) with 4,700 targeted beneficiaries.

The third supported the MoPR, local peace committees and the institutions associated with the peace process. It enabled the MoPR to oversee cash transfer and coordinate the peace support, the Project Management Team to implement procurement and financial management and monitoring and evaluation of projects.[1] However, there are numerous subjects of inquiry for security research, which could unfold interesting dimensions of and linkages between the resources involved and the results produced.

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