Conflict Database


Database on Peace and Conflict Studies
The following websites give comprehensive database on conflicts around the world. Simply control + click on the database name below to access them.
  1. Database - Uppsala Conflict Data Program (UCDP)
  2. Armed Conflict Database - International Institute for Strategic Studies
  3. Data on Armed Conflict - PRIO
  4. ACLED | ACLEDACLED (Armed Conflict Location and Event Dataset)
  5. Data on Armed Conflict and Security - conflict-data.org: Startseite
  6. Conflict DataBase: The CEWS Conflict Database
  7. Armed Conflict Dataset (UCDP/PRIO) - The Macro Data Guide
  8. Paul Hensel's International Conflict and Cooperation Data Page
  9. Data Resources: Conflicts, Wars, Terrorism
  10. Conflict Victim's Profile in Nepal - INSEC (Informal Sector Service Centre) 

Journals on Peace and Conflict Studies

The following are internationally recognized peer-reviewed journals where you can aim for publishing (To go to the journal's web pages, simply click on their names):

Peace, conflict, security
Best ones

Good ones 
3.    Journal of Peace and Conflict Resolution
4.    Journal of Peace History
6.    Peace Review
7.    Peace and Public Policy

International Relations
Best ones
Good ones 

(Source: Compiled from DPCR, Uppsala University and other database)

Civil War in Nepal: Bibliography

(I hope that a comprehensive list on the publications on civil war and post-war Nepal will help future explorations. I've tried to prepare a list as wide as I could. Further suggestions are welcome.)


1.     Adhikari, Bipin: 2003. Conflict, Human Rights and Peace: Challenges before Nepal. Kathmandu: NHRC.
2.     Aditya, A., Upreti, B. R. and Adhikari, P.K. (2006), Countries in Conflict and Processing of Peace: lessons for Nepal. Kathmandu: Friends for Peace.
3.     Bächler G, Acharya N, Dammann P, Rajbandhari R, Upreti B.R. (2008), Nepal Building New Roads to Peace. Lalitpur: Jagadamba Press.
4.     Bhattarai, Baburam. 2005. Monarchy vs Democracy: The Epic Fight in Nepal. New Delhi: Samakalin Teesri Duniya.
5.     Bhattarai, Baburam: 1998. Politico-Economic Rationale of People's War in Nepal. Kathmandu: Utprerak Publications.
6.     Bhattarai-Ghimire A, Upreti BR. 2008. Conflict Induced Displacement: An Emerging Phenomenon of Internal Migration in Nepal. In: Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, editors. Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South, pp. 101-139.
7.     Bishnu Raj Upreti (2009) Impacts of Armed Conflict on Mountain Biodiversity: Experiences from Nepal. Mountain Forum Bulletin. Volume IX, Issue 2, July 2009. Pp. 11-12.
8.     Bishwakarma, N and Nepali P.B. 2010. Nepalma Simatavargaka lagi bhumisudhar: Chunauti ra Sambhavana. In: Gurung, G. Garibi ra Bhumisudhar. Kathmandu: Nepal Institute of Development Studies. Pp. 113-126
9.     Comrade Parvati. 2003. "Women's Participation in the People's War" in Aijun Karki and David Seddon, eds., The People's War in Nepal: Left Perspectives. pp. 165-82. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
10.  Ghale, Y. and B. R. Upreti, 2000. Role of Indigenous Knowledge and Technology in Food Security. In: Adhikari, Ratnakar and Narayan Bhardwaj (Eds.) Food Security: Prospects and Challenges. Kathmandu: ActionAid Nepal, Forum for Protection of Public Interests. Pp. 5-24.
11.  Ghimire A. 2012. Placing Internal Displacement in the Sustainable Development Agenda: The Case of Nepal. In: Aneel SS, Haroon UT, Niazi I, editors. Peace and Sustainable Development in South Asia. The Way Forward. Islamabad: Sustainable Development Policy Institute [SDPI] and Sang-e-Meel Publications, pp 23-46.
12.  Ghimire Safal and Upreti, B. (2012), Corporate Engagement for Conflict Transformation: Conceptualising the Business-Peace Interface. Journal of Conflict Transformation & Security, Vol. 2, No. 1, April 2012
13.  Ghimire, Safal and Anaide Nahikien. 2009. Peace Building in Nepal. Kathmandu: Harvard University-HPCR, Kathmandu University-HNRSC, and Swiss NCCR (North-South).
14.  Ghimire, Safal and Upreti, Bishnu Raj. 2010. The post-conflict Trojan horse: Upsurge of urban crimes as a challenge to state building. In: Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Pyakuryal Kailash Nath; Sharma, Sagar Raj and Ghimire, Safal (eds.). 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Kathmandu: Swiss NCCR (North-South) and HNRSC-Kathmandu University, pp. 211-240.
15.  Ghimire, Safal and Upreti, Bishnu Raj. 2011. Community Participation for Environment-friendly Tourism: The Avenue for Local Peace. The Journal of Tourism and Peace Research, 2(1):55-69.
16.  Ghimire, Safal and Upreti, Bishnu Raj. 2012. Corporate Engagement for Conflict Transformation: Conceptualizing the Business-Peace Interface. The Journal of Conflict Transformation and Security 2(1): 77-100.
17.  Ghimire, Safal. 2012.   ICT as a Livelihood Option amidst Conflicts: A Case of Nangi Village in Nepal. 2012. In: Uzma T Haroon et al. Paradigms of Sustainable Development in South Asia. Islamabad: Sang-e-Mill Publishers.
18.  Gurung, Harka, Ananda Aditya, Surendra KC, Chuda B Shrestha and Sudheer Sharma: 2001. An Overview of Recent Armed Conflict in Nepal. Report prepared by New Era, Kathmandu.
19.  Hutt, Michael: ed. 2004. Himalayan 'People's War': Nepal's Maoist Rebellion. London: Hurst and Company.
20.  International Crisis Group (ICG):  2005. Nepal's New Alliance: The Mainstream Parties and the Maoists. ICG Asia Report no. 106, 28 November. ICG, Kathmandu/Brussels.
21.  International Crisis Group (ICG): 2003. Nepal Backgrounder: Ceasefire—Soft Landing or Strategic Pause? ICG Asia Report no. 50, April. ICG, Kathmandu/Brussels.
22.  International Crisis Group (ICG): 2004. Problems and Prospects of Revolution in Nepal.
23.  International Crisis Group (ICG): 2005. Nepal's Maoists: Their Aims, Structure and Strategy. ICG Asia Report no. 104, 27 October. ICG, Kathmandu/Brussels.
24.  Janadisha Publications: 2004. Some Important Documents of the Communist Party of Nepal (Maoist).
25.  Karki, Arjun and David Seddon: 2003. The People's War in Nepal: Left Perspectives. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
26.  Leupp, Gary: 2002. Imagining the Global Consequences of a Maoist Victory in Nepal. Counterpunch, 21 October.
27.  Mackinlay, J. and Upreti, B., 2003. The King and Mao. World Today Vol. 59, No 2, Feb 2003. London: The Royal Institute of International Affairs.
28.  Maharjan, Pancha N: 2000. "The Maoist insurgency and Governability in Nepal" in Dhruba Kumar ed., Domestic Conflict and Crisis of Governability in Nepal. Kathmandu: CNAS
29.  Manchanda, Rita: 2003. Insurgency in Nepal, Carlisle, PA: Strategic Studies Institute.
30.  Mebta, Ashok K: 2002. Shooting to Kill in Nepal. Himal South Asian 15(7): 4-5, July.
31.  Muni, SD: 2003. Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: The Challenges and the Responses. New Delhi: Rupa.
32.  Onesto, Li: 2005. Dispatches from the People's War in Nepal. London: Pluto Press.
33.  Palmer, David Scott: 2003. Nepal's Multiple Challenges in Comparative Perspectives. Report prepared for USAID, Nepal.
34.  Philipson, L: 2002. Conflict in Nepal: Perspectives on the Maoist Movement. Report prepared for DFID.
35.  Prachanda,  2001. Interview with Comrade Prachanda. A World to Win 27. Reprinted in Understanding the Maoist Movement of Nepal. 2003. Deepak Thapa, ed., pp.211-221. Kathmandu: MC and CSRD.
36.  Prachanda, 1998. Two Momentous Years of Revolutionary Transformation. Worker 4(4). Reprinted in The People's War in Nepal: Left Perspectives. 2003. Arjun Karki and David Seddon, eds., pp. 211-228. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
37.  Prachanda, 2003. "The Third Turbulent Year of the People's War" in Arjun Karki and David Seddon, eds., The People's War in Nepal: Left Perspectives. pp. 239-57. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
38.  Prachanda: 1997. One Year of People's War in Nepal. Revolutionary Worker 911, 15 June. Reprinted in The People's War in Nepal: Left Perspectives. 2003. Arjun Karki and David Seddon, eds., pp. 199-211. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
39.  Pyakuryal KN and Upreti BR (2011) (eds.), Land, Agriculture and Agrarian transformation, Kathmandu, Consortium for Land Research and Policy Dialogue (COLARP).
40.  Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, (Eds.) (2008), Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South.
41.  Pyakuryal, Kailash Nath and Ghimire, Safal. 2010. Post-conflict state building: Issues and challenges. In: Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Pyakuryal Kailash Nath; Sharma, Sagar Raj and Ghimire, Safal (eds.). 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Kathmandu: Swiss NCCR (North-South) and HNRSC-Kathmandu University, pp. 1-16.
42.  Pyakuryal, Kailash Nath; Nepali, Purna Bahadur; Singh Shristee and Ghimire, Safal. 2009. Land Issues in the Changing Context of Nepal. Kathmandu: Consortium for Land Research and Policy Dialogue (COLARP).
43.  Richard A. Matthew and Bishnu Raj Upreti (2009). Environmental Change and Human Security in Nepal (Chapter 7). In: Global Environmental Change and Human Security (Eds.) Richard A. Matthew, Jon Barnett, Bryan McDonald and Karen L. O'Brien. The MIT Press. Pp. 259-296.
44.  Richard Matthew and Upreti, B. R. (2009), Environmental Change and Human Security in Nepal In: Global Environmental Change and Human Security (Eds.) Richard A Matthew, Jon Barnett, Bryan McDonald and Karen L. O'Brien. Arvine: MIT Press. Pp.137-154
45.  Seddon, David: 2002. The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Revolutionary Theory and Practice. Paper presented at the 'Symposium on South Asia—Conflict in South Asia' organized by Research Group on South Asia in the School of Development Studies, University of East Anglia, 18 June.
46.  Thapa, Deepak with Bandita Sijapati: 2003. A Kingdom Under Siege: Nepal's Maoist Insurgency, 1996 to 2003. Kathmandu: The Printhouse.
47.  Thapa, Deepak: ed. 2003. Understanding the Maoist Movement in Nepal. Kathmandu: MC and CSRD.
48.  Upreti B. (2006). People's Movement and Transformation of the State in Nepal: Challenges and Risks Ahead. Readings on Governance and Development, 7: 15-23.
49.  Upreti Bishnu Raj, KC Sony, Mallet Richard and Babajanian Babken (with Pyakuryal Kailash, Ghimire Safal, Ghimire Anita and Sharma Sagar Raj). 2012. Livelihoods, Basic Services and Social Protection in Nepal. An ODI-SLRC Working Paper. London: Secure Livelihoods Research Consortium at Overseas Development Institute (ODI). 
50.  Upreti Bishnu Raj, Sharma Sagar Raj, Pyakuryal Kailash Nath and Ghimire Safal. 2012. Nepalmã Rãjya Punarsamrachanã: Dwandwottar Chunautee ra Rajyanirmãnko Sawãl. Kathmandu: South Asia Office of NCCR North-South, Department of Development Studies-Kathmandu University and Nepal Centre for Contemporary Research.
51.  Upreti BR, (2011) Integrating Maoist ex-combatants in Nepal. South Asian Journal. Issue No 33, July-September 2011. Pp. 98-109.
52.  Upreti BR, Sharma SR, Upadhayaya PK, Ghimire Safal and Iff Andrea. 2013. Making Business Count for Peace: Reflections from Tourism Sector in Nepal. Kathamndu: SAs RCO of NCCR North-South, Department of Development Studies-Kathmandu University and Nepal Center for Contemporary Research.
53.  Upreti BR. 2007. Changing political context, new power relations and hydro-conflict in Nepal. In: Rotberg F, Swain A, editors. Natural Resources Security in South Asia: Nepal's Water. Stockholm: Institute for Security and Development Policy, pp 15-65.
54.  Upreti BR. 2008. Moving ahead: From Transition to Transformation. In: Pyakuryal KN, Upreti BR, Sharma SR, editors. Nepal: Transition to Transformation. Kathmandu: HNRSC, NCCR North-South, pp. 201-222.
55.  Upreti BR. 2010. Livelihoods, institutions and migration in South Asia. In: Hurni H, Wiesmann U, editors; with an international group of co-editors. Global Change and Sustainable Development: A Synthesis of Regional Experiences from Research Partnerships. Perspectives of the Swiss National Centre of Competence in Research (NCCR) North-South, University of Bern, Vol. 5. Bern, Switzerland: Geographica Bernensia, pp 273–282.
56.  Upreti BR. 2012. Federalism and Potential Conflicts: Reflection from Nepal. In: Aneel SS, Haroon UT, Niazi I, editors. Peace and Sustainable Development in South Asia. The Way Forward. Islamabad: Sustainable Development Policy Institute [SDPI] and Sang-e-Meel Publications, pp 3-21.
57.  Upreti, B. 2005. Conflict Resolution in Nepal: Traditional Approaches and the Question of Third Party Negotiation. In: Shrestha, Ananda Prasad and Hari Upreti (eds.), Critical barriers to the Negotiation of Armed Conflict in Nepal. Kathmandu: Nepal Foundation for Advance Studies, PP.65-96.
58.  Upreti, B. R. (2001), Conflict Management in Natural Resources: A Study of Land, Water and Forest Conflict in Nepal. Published PhD Dissertation. Wageningen University.
59.  Upreti, B. R. (2002) Management of Social and Natural Resource Conflict in Nepal: Reality and Alternative. Adroit Publishers, New Delhi. ISBN 81-87392-32-0, Hbk, Pages 371.
60.  Upreti, B. R. (2004) Dwanda Byabasthapan Ka Sidhanta ra Byabahar (Principles and Practices of Conflict Management) (Nepali language). Kathmandu: Enabling State Programme.
61.  Upreti, B. R. (2004) Neglected Reality: Resource Governance and Conflict in Nepal. In: Readings on Governance and Development (Vol. III) Mukti Rijal (Ed.). Kathmandu: Institute of Governance and Development. Pp. 95-111.
62.  Upreti, B. R. (2004) The Price of Neglect: From Resource Conflict to Maoist Insurgency in the Himalayan Kingdom. Kathmandu: Bhrikuti Academic Publications. Pages 446.
63.  Upreti, B. R. (2004). Dynamics of Resource Governance, Resource Scarcity and Conflict in Nepal, Journal of Forest and Livelihoods, Vol. 4(1), July 2004.
64.  Upreti, B. R. (2005) Conflict transformation and Peace Building: Choices of Approaches and Strategies for Nepal. In: Readings on Governance and Development (Vol. V) Mukti Rijal (Ed.). Kathmandu: Institute of Governance and Development. Pp. 24-33.
65.  Upreti, B. R. (2005) Dwandwa Byasthapan (Conflict Management). Kathmandu: Bhrikuti Academic Publications (in Nepali language).
66.  Upreti, B. R. (2005) Nepal ma Maobadi Sasastra Dwanda: Karan, Asar ra amadhanka Prayashhru (Armed Maoist Conflict in Nepal: Causes, Consequences and Efforts for Resolution) (in Nepali language). Kathmandu: Bhrikuti Academic Publications. 2005, Pp 440.
67.  Upreti, B. R. (2006), Armed Conflict and Peace Process in Nepal: The Maoist Insurgency, Past Negotiation and Opportunities for Conflict Transformation. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
68.  Upreti, B. R. (2006). Framework for peace Process and negotiation in Nepal. Ahimsa Non Violence. Vol II, No 3 (May-June 2006), Pp-240-243. (Published by International Gandhi Institute for Non Violence and Peace.
69.  Upreti, B. R. (2007), Changing Political Context, New Power Relations and Hydro-Conflict in Nepal. In: Fiona Rotberg and Ashok Swain (eds) Natural Resources Security in South Asia: Nepal’s Water. Uppsala: Institute for Security and Development Policy. Pages 15-64.
70.  Upreti, B. R. (2007), Restructuring Nepal Army: Conflict transformation perspective. Nepal Journal of Contemporary Studies, Vol. 7, No 1, Pp. 69-94.
71.  Upreti, B. R. (2007). Nepal’s Pathway for Peaceful Transformation and Challenges Ahead. Readings on Governance and Development 8: 18-25.
72.  Upreti, B. R. (2008), Dispute Settlement at the Local Level: Observations and Lessons from Nepal (Chapter 7). In: David N. Gellner and Krishna Hachhethu (Eds.), Local Democracy in South Asia: Micro-processes of Democratization in Nepal and its Neighbours. Governance, Conflict, and Civic Action: Volume 1. New Delhi: Sage Publications. Pp.150-174.
73.  Upreti, B. R. (2008), Dispute Settlement at the Local Level: Observations and Lessons from Nepal (Chapter 7). In: David N. Gellner and Krishna Hachhethu (Eds.), Local Democracy in South Asia: Micro-processes of Democratization in Nepal and its Neighbours. Governance, Conflict, and Civic Action: Volume 1. New Delhi: The Micro politics of Democratization: European South Asian Exchange on Governance, Conflict and Civic Action. Pages, 150-174.
74.  Upreti, B. R. (2008), Managing War to Peace transition in Nepal. Readings on Governance and Development, (XI), Pp.: 35-49. (July 2008).
75.  Upreti, B. R. (2009), 'External Engagement in the Nepal’s Armed Conflict'. In: 'The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal: Dynamics and Growth in the Twenty-first Century' (Eds.) Mahendra Lawoti and Anup Pahari. Routledge Publications.
76.  Upreti, B. R. (2009), External Links of the Maoist Insurgency in Nepal In: Terrorism: Patterns of Internationalization (eds.), Jaideep Saikia and Ekaterina Stepanova (2009). New Delhi: SAGE Publications. Pp.
77.  Upreti, B. R. (2009), Nepal from War to Peace: Legacies of the past and hopes for future. New Delhi: Adroit Publishers.
78.  Upreti, B. R. 2003. Dwanda Byabasthapanma Mahilaheruko Sahabhagita (Women's Participation in Conflict Management). Sahabhagita (A Nepalese Journal of Participatory Development). 8: 4 (26)
79.  Upreti, B. R. 2003. People's participation in Peace Process in Nepal. Participation. 5(5) Pp 9-11.
80.  Upreti, B. R. 2004. Nepal on Fire: A Tragedy of Triple Betrayal. South Asian Journal Vol. 7 2004, December. Pp. 136-146.
81.  Upreti, B. R. 2004. Resource conflicts and their resolution practices in Nepal. Mountain Research and Development Journal Vol. 24.1 Pp.60-66.
82.  Upreti, B. R. and Dhungana, D. N. (2006). Peace Process and Negotiation in Nepal: Revisiting the Past and Envisioning the Future. In: Simkhada, S. R. and Oliva F. (Eds.) The Maoist Insurgency in Nepal (Monograph), Pages 214-252.
83.  Upreti, B. R. and R. Nepali (2006) (eds.) Nepal at Barrel of Gun: Proliferation of Small Arms and Light Weapons and their Impacts. Kathmandu: South Asia Small Arms Network-Nepal.
84.  Upreti, B. R. Sharma, S. R., Pyakuryal, K.N. and Ghimire Safal (2010), The Remake of a state: Post Conflict Challenges and State building in Nepal. Kathamndu: HNRSC and RCO NCCR North-South.
85.  Upreti, B. R., Topperwin, N. And Heiniger, M (2009), Peace Process and Federalism in Nepal: A Nepali Swiss Dialogue. Kathmandu: RCO SAS.
86.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj and Ghimire, Safal and Iff, Andrea. 2012. Is Peace the Business of Business? An Exploration of Corporate Role in Conflict Transformation. SAs RCO Discussion Paper-5. Kathmandu: Swiss NCCR (North-South).
87.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj and Ghimire, Safal. 2011. New Actors in New Business: Private Sector Engagement for Peacebuilding in Nepal. SASON Journal of Sociology and Anthropology, 2(1):265-286.
88.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj, 2010. Political change and challenges of Nepal: Reflection on armed conflict, peace process and state building. Volume 1. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
89.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj, 2010. Political change and challenges of Nepal: Reflection on armed conflict, peace process and state building. Volume 2. Saarbrucken: Lambert Academic Publishing.
90.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Ghale, Yamuna and Ghimire, Safal. 2010. Food insecurity and social conflict in Nepal. Aneel SS, Haroon UT, Salman A (eds.), Fostering Sustainable Development in South Asia: Responding to Challenges. Islamabad: Sustainable Development Policy Institute-Pakistan and Sang-e-Meel Publications.
91.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Paudel, Suman and Ghimire, Safal. Forthcoming. Ignored or Ill-represented? The Grievance of Terai-Madhes Conflict in Nepal. New Delhi, India: Adroit Publishers.
92.  Upreti, Bishnu Raj; Pyakuryal Kailash Nath; Sharma, Sagar Raj and Ghimire, Safal (eds.). 2010. The Remake of a State: Post-conflict Challenges and State Building in Nepal. Kathmandu: Swiss NCCR (North-South) and HNRSC-Kathmandu University.
93.  Verma, Anand Swaroop: 2001. Maoist Movement in Nepal. New Delhi: Samakalin Teesri Duniya.